Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis is an infection that damages the brain’s protective covering, the brain lining. It generally occurs in older persons, children, and those with immune system deficiencies. It is usually caused by bacteria or viruses that enter through an open cut or wound in the body. Sometimes, it can be caused by exposure to chemicals, such as pesticides.
An individual with this disease will show several symptoms within a few days or weeks. They include a high fever, persistent headaches, and a reduced capacity for absorption of nutrients. Sometimes, cramps will also occur in the abdominal area. If untreated, these symptoms can progress and cause further complications. Some individuals with this condition will experience loss of consciousness and coma.
The brain usually produces antibodies to battle harmful bacteria. However, if the body’s defenses are weak, the antibodies won’t be as effective. As a result, bacteria from the viruses or microbes can attack the brain. This will then lead to brain damage. Some individuals will develop more severe symptoms later on.
There are different types of treatments that will be administered to patients with this condition. Most physicians will recommend intravenous antibiotics. These will help to counteract the effects of bacterial infections. Sometimes, doctors will opt to give a general anesthetic. This is done to prevent the brain from producing any reactions due to the pain.
If the infection has already reached an advanced stage, surgery may be recommended. During surgery, doctors may perform a biopsy to test for brain tumors or infectious diseases like AIDS or HIV/AIDS. The doctor may also remove some of the infected fluid from the brain.
Depending on the severity of the condition, there are various treatment options available. One option includes using an antifungal liquid or medicine. This type of treatment may be used to treat patients with milder forms of the condition. For patients who experience moderate to severe symptoms, strong oral medications may be prescribed. There are antifungal drugs that you can purchase over-the-counter. They are available without a prescription, but you need to consult with a doctor first.
Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis can lead to several complications including seizures. So, treatment should also include medication to reduce the risk of seizure. Your doctor may also recommend that you undergo brain surgery.
With some patients, acute disseminated encephalomyelitis may be caused by a reaction to an ingredient in the medication that was taken. For this reason, you should be very careful when putting your medications together. You should always contact your physician before doing so. You also need to know what might have caused the reaction and prevent it from happening in the future. Properly treating your brain disease can help keep it from coming back again.
Treating acute disseminated encephalomyelitis requires a lot of specialized equipment. It is usually recommended that you get the treatment done by a specialist such as a neurosurgeon or anesthesiologist. They will be able to determine the right drug for your condition and give you the right dose. Some doctors may even suggest the use of an imaging tool to determine where the problem is originating from.
Acute symptoms will typically go away after about a week. This is why treatment is normally given on an outpatient basis. However, if the infection does not go away in this amount of time, you may need a more intensive course of treatment. In this case, a surgical procedure may be recommended. The good news is that there are several methods to cure this problem.
Some patients experience complications with certain treatments. The most common of these complications is shock. If this occurs, you will need intravenous fluids to re-start your brain’s circulation. You may also develop some mental or behavioral problems. As long as the infection doesn’t lead to permanent damage, you will have no worries about these kinds of complications. However, if it progresses to the point that the brain is no longer able to function, you will then require immediate surgery.
If you suffer from acute disseminated encephalomyelitis, make sure to contact your doctor as soon as possible. Failure to do so may put your life in danger. Make sure that you know all about this infection and the treatment methods available to help you recover safely. Proper diagnosis is always important so that you will be properly treated.